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Skin Care Ingredients

 

 

A

Aloe vera

Rich in vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes, and proteins, aloe is a natural humectant that helps support the moisture balance of the skin. In ancient Egypt it was considered the “plant of immortality” and for centuries people have recognised its restoring, skin-soothing, and moisturising properties.

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Angelica root extract

The Angelica flower is from Europe and has a relationship with water. The Angelica plant draws water from deep in the ground to hydrate itself and also activates the aquaporins, or water channels within the skin. Products with Angelica water, extract or essential oils are perfect for anyone with dry, dull and dehydrated skin; bringing a youthful, hydrated glow to even the sallowest of complexions.

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Appleseed oil

Apple seed oil is rich in fatty acids that infuse softness and nutrition deep inside the skin and enhances the overall appearance of the skin.  This wonderful oil contains compounds that stimulate collagen synthesis in the skin and imparts elasticity and softness to the skin helping the skin appear youthful and firm. This elasticity enables the skin to remain vibrant and reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles that are the common signs of aging.  Apple seed is also rich in antioxidants that destroy free radicals and help delay skin aging.

Apricot kernel oil

A natural oil extracted from apricot kernels which is rich in vitamin A and oleic acid which helps improve skin elasticity. The oil is smooth, lightweight and easily absorbed. It is extremely nourishing to the skin and suitable for all skin types particularly dry irritated and prematurely aged skin.

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Argan oil

Moroccan woman have used argan oil for years to take care of their skin and hair. It is a wonderfully restorative oil, and contains active lipids and fatty acids that are beneficial for the skin, including oleic acid, palmitic acid, and linoleic acid. It is also a good source of vitamin E and other effective antioxidant compounds.

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Avocado oil

Easily absorbed by the skin, it is a good source of proteins, vitamins A, C & E, amino acids and essential fattyacids to condition and soften the skin. Avocado is known to restore and regenerate the skin and has good antioxidant properties.

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B

Balm mint

This refreshing plant has been used for centuries and was once dedicated to the Goddess Diana. It soothes tension and is great for nerves, and has also been used for skin conditions. Balm mint is restoring, cleansing and clarifying to the skin.

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Bearberry extract

Bearberry is an effective plant based extract that contains alpha arbutin which is known to have skin brightening properties. It is a popular ingredient in many skin care preparations used to help fade freckles or skin discolouration. Bearberry extract is ideal for those that are looking for a natural way to target pigmentation without applying harsh damaging chemicals and bleaching the skin.

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Beeswax

Derived from honeycomb, it is one of the oldest and purest of waxes. Throughout history people have used it for its emollient, soothing, softening and moisture retention properties. It is a natural emulsifier, a humectant and a thickening agent for our balms and baby nappy cream.

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Bilberry

Bilberries’ are the perfect ingredient in an eye cream. It helps to strengthen blood vessels and helps reduce dark circles and puffiness.  They may also help reduce redness of the eyes and the Vitamin A contained in bilberry helps the skin cells stay healthy. 

Bladderwrack extract

A natural ingredient derived from a type of seaweed found on the coast of Northern Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean and Baltic Sea. It helps maintain the skin’s elasticity and contains non-essential and essential amino acids such as proline, glycine and lycine, all found in the elastic fibres of the skin. An exceptional ingredient that has anti-aging properties whereby proven to have tightening, anti-wrinkling and anti-sagging properties.

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Blueberries 

Blueberries are a “super food” and contains some of the highest levels of antioxidants of any fruit.  Anthocyanin gives these little berries their blue color.  It is a powerful antioxidant that is great for the skin. They also contain vitamins A, B complex, C and E, potassium, zinc, copper, iron and magnesium. Blueberries smooth the skin, prevent fine lines and wrinkles, eliminate scars, increase elasticity, fight against blemishes and acne, balance levels of oil in the skin, and help even out skin tone. 

 

C

Calendula

Used in ancient Greek and Roman cultures as food, cosmetic and medicinal herb. Calendula is said to stimulate skin cell metabolism, prevent free radical damage and protect cells from destructive effects. It has anti-microbial properties and is often used to assist irritated skin conditions and protect the skin from dryness and cracking.

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Citric acid

Derived from citrus fruit, this natural food grade preservative is used to maintain proper pH balance in products. It is also beneficial for sun damaged skin.

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Chamomile

Also known as Chamomilla recutita this extract is obtained from flowering tops of the German chamomile plant. This is an extremely popular herb due to its ability to assist irritated skin conditions and for its well documented calming, anti-irritant, and skin soothing properties. It is very well suited to sensitive skin and is used widely in baby products.

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Cocoa butter

Derived from whole cocoa beans, cocoa butter has a mild chocolate flavour and aroma. Considered the ‘food of the gods,’ this nutrient rich butter has excellent emollient properties and nourishes the skin helping the skin retain moisture. It is used to soften and protect chapped, dry skin conditions and is easily absorbed by the skin.

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Comfrey leaf extract

Comfrey has a long history of use and helps to protect and replenish the skin. Comfrey leaves contain allantoin, a highly effective substance that helps new skin cells grow, along with other substances, that calm the skin and help to keep it glowing, healthy and youthful.

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Cornflower

The use of cornflower dates back to the ancient Greeks and Egyptians. There is a long history of herbal use associated with cornflowers. It has been used to treat various eye ailments for centuries.  The anthocyanins in cornflowers can help with tired, itchy and puffy eyes. Other eye-related benefits can include reducing the effects of pollution or soothing the eyes after long hours at the computer. Daily cornflower compresses on the eyes are thought to visibly diminish fine lines and tone the skin around the eyes.

Cornsilk extract

Cornsilk is from the stigmas found inside the corn husk. It is rich in vitamins and minerals which helps maintain hydration and nourish the hair. It is well suited to dry and damaged hair and is very gentle.

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Crambie Abyssinca

Abyssinian Oil is a natural seed oil with an ultra-light, non-greasy skin feel. It has a unique molecular structure not found in any other naturally occurring substance.  Abyssinian Oil is easily absorbed into the epidermal tissue generating a very noticeable smooth texture to the skin. Even in the case of highly wrinkled and/or exceptionally dry skin, it makes a significant improvement in tone and texture.

Cranberry

Cranberries are high in vitamins and antioxidants.  They help fight free radicals that contribute to wrinkles and aging and they also help keep your skin moisturised.  For centuries, cranberries have been valued for the medicinal, antioxidant properties and anti-ageing benefits.  It enhances cell power, defends your skin against environmental damage due to high concentrations of antioxidants such as vitamin C, B and B-5.  Because of its amazing capabilities to protect the skin, cranberry also protects the skin against harsh weather conditions.

Cucumber

The cucumber plant is very hydrating and known to moisturise skin and restore radiance to the skin. The flesh is a popular element in cosmetics and most commonly used in eye creams and balms to cool, soothe, reduce puffiness and decrease dark circles.

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D, E, F

Demineralised spring water

Filtrated, UV treated and demineralised spring water drawn from the Simunovich Olive Estate, helps the natural and organic plant extracts penetrate and hydrate the skin.

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Elder flower extract

The elder tree was once known as ‘nature’s medicine chest’, with its flowers and berries providing remedies for most common complaints. For skincare however, we are most interested in harnessing the beautifying qualities of this plant’s tannin-rich flowers. Elderberry flowers are gently stimulating to the epidermis and high in astringent tannins, making them useful for skin firming and toning applications.

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Extra virgin olive oil

An important historic oil used extensively in ancient times. It is obtained by crushing and pressing the fruit of the olive tree preserving all minerals and essential vitamins. Olive oil assists the skin’s ability to naturally regenerate and nourishes, hydrates and protects the skin. It is high in oleic acid, a monounsaturated fatty acid known for its moisturising properties. Used for centuries as an emollient for conditioning and softening the skin olive oil is highly nutritive and contains protein, minerals, vitamins in addition to having antioxidant values.

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Fig

Many of the nutrients that are needed for a healthy skin are found in high quantities in figs. They are high omega 3 fatty acids, which conditions the skin from within and keeps the skin moisturized.  They are also incredibly rich in antioxidants and nutrients like vitamin A, C, E and beta carotene etc, which is part of the reason they’re so beneficial for our skin. Because they’re rich in antioxidants, figs are a fantastic ingredient for anti-aging skin care. Fig extract contains hydrating properties which is effective at smoothing, softening and keep the skin fresh and rejuvenated. 

 

G

Gardenia fruit extract

Pure, edible and water soluble blue and orange colours extracted from the gardenia plant of the madder family.

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Ginger extract

A natural, eco-certified, food grade plant based material derived from the ginger root. Proven to have an anti-
irritant efficacy, it has a calming, soothing effect and is often used as an anti-inflammatory agent.

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Grapeseed oil

Grape seed oil is polyunsaturated oil rich in linoleic acid and is obtained from the seeds of the grapes.  The antioxidant properties contained in grapeseed oil are excellent for minimizing skin aging, fine lines and wrinkles and also help skin health by providing moisture and protection. 

Grape skin extract

Grapes are full of polyphenols, natural compounds that contain antioxidants to support skin health and in addition, research has shown that grape skin and seeds are a great source of OPCs (Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins), which promote collagen and elastin fibres.

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Green tea leaf extract

This extract is derived from the leaves of the green tea plant. The polyphenols in green tea help to renew the skin with their powerful antioxidant action. Studies have shown that it has a beneficial action on wrinkles as well as helping to calm and balance the skin.

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H, I, J, K, L

Hazelnut oil

Hazelnut oil is a moisturising oil but is also considered an astringent oil. It has proved to be very effective at tightening the skin, and helping to firm and tone the skin. Hazelnut is thought to aid in the regeneration of cells and help strengthen the capillaries.

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Imortelle oil

Immortelle oil is also known as Everlasting or Helichrysum.  Immortelle is a fantastic naturally regenerative oil that’s soothing for the skin.  It is a moisturising oil that helps prevent dryness and cracking of the skin. One of the most exciting actions of this oil is its anti-aging properties as it can help regenerate skin tissue and has antioxidant properties making it perfect for assisting the skin look more firm, youthful, and vibrant. 

Jojoba oil

Derived from Jojoba, an American plant indigenous to the Sonora desert of Arizona. This natural, liquid wax ester has been known for centuries to treat skin disorders. It is an odourless, non-greasy moisturiser that nourishes the skin, providing suppleness and smoothness.

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Jujube 

Jujube contains 20 times more vitamin C than any citrus fruit.  Also rich in calcium, and Vitamins A, B1 and B2, Jujuba works miracles in guarding the skin and its nutrients deliver intense moisture, nourishment and protection as well. Jujube fruit is an antioxidant with rejuvenating properties. It has the ability to help clear up the skin. Jujube extract is widely used in skin care products due to its benefits, including diminish wrinkles and relieve dry skin. Jujube is believed to encourage cell turnover, improve elasticity and firmness of skin.

Kaolin Clay

Kaolin has the ability to absorb excess oils, dirt and harmful toxins from the skin. Powdered clays can also be found in a variety of other natural skincare products. Because powdered clays are gently exfoliating, they can be found in natural scrubs. Most clays have the ability to absorb toxins and excess oils from the skin. Regular use of clay facials will remove dead skin cells, improve circulation to the skin, remove debris from the pores and bring about a smooth, healthy glow.

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Kiwiseed oil

This oil is a excellent antioxidant and very high in ALA and gamma tocotrienol (an isomer of vitamin E). It is useful for tissue repair, sun damage and anti-aging and also helps to maintain the moisture levels in the skin.

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Linden flower extract

The Linden, or Lime Tree, is a large tree that is native to Europe. The chemical composition of the leaves and flowers contain protective anti-inflammatory compounds, as well as quercetin (an excellent antioxidant), astringent tannins to tone and balance, and mucilaginous compounds to soothe and calm the skin.

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M

Macadamia oil

Derived from the macadamia nut, sought after because of its palmitoleic acid content which has long been known to benefit the skin. This emollient oil spreads easily and quickly penetrates especially on damaged skin. Non-greasy, quickly replenishes lost oil and leaves the skin smooth and soft.

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Mango butter

Derived from the kernels of the mango fruit. Naturally hydrating and emollient with regenerative properties mango butter is used to sooth, moisturise and soften the skin and is a good source of essential fatty acids. Mango butter is excellent for use on dry cracked or chapped skin conditions.

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Marshmallow flower

Marshmallow has very beneficial effects on skin and helps soothe, calm and reduce irritation. It is beneficial for all skin types especially dry skin and can enhance moisture levels in the skin as well as boosting the dermal structure, improving the integrity of the skin.

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Manuka honey

A sweet and viscous fluid produced by honey bees and derived from the nectar of flowers. A nutrient-
rich emollient and humectant that helps retain water in the skin keeping it soft and supple. We use Manuka Honey with high UMF value making it a superior antibacterial and antiseptic agent. It is also known to have healing properties.

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Meadowfoam seed oil

This has excellent oxidative stability and is moisturisin and rejuvenating, reducing wrinkles and signs of aging. It also helps protect lipids and extends product shelf life.

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Mulberry

Mulberries are the latest in a fairly long line of berries to be declared ’superfoods’.  The secret ingredient is a high level of resveratrol - the antioxidant super hero which is the focus of so much scientific interest in the cosmetics industry. Although it sounds too good to be true, resveratrol also has sufficient scientific data backing its claims as an antioxidant with significant benefits for skin. Antioxidants are known to slow down the signs of aging – fine lines and wrinkles –by stimulating the growth of collagen.   Mulberry has also been found to brighten the skin and improve age spot and uneven skin tone

 

N

Narcissus bulb extract

A natural aqueous extract from dormant bulbs able to slow down cell proliferation in a reversible manner. Enhances youth preservation and improves the appearance of the skin. It optimises youth capital preservation and has anti-wrinkling properties and whitening and lightening activity.

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Natural essential oils

Essential oils consist of Mentha piperita Oil, Lavandula angustifolia Oil, Eucalyptus citriodora Oil, Foeniculum vulgare Oil, Gaultheria procumbens Leaf Oil. Essential oils are known to have an uplifting effect on the mind as well as having a beneficial action on the skin.

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Nettle extract

Nettles are high in silica and other minerals and are used in hair care products to help improve the condition of the hair and scalp. It’s considered to prevent hair loss, help to promote body and shiny, healthy hair.

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O

Oatmeal

A coarse powder obtained by grinding the kernels of oats. A natural exfoliant, oatmeal assists in the removal of old skin cells and encourages softer, smoother skin. Oats have long been recognised for their skin soothing properties

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Olive kernel powder

A natural exfoliant and cleansing agent derived from olive seed. It effectively relieves skin of dead skin cells revealing a youthful radiant skin. An excellent cosmetic ingredient that helps prevent skin aging and hyper pigmentation.

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Olive leaf extract

A multifunctional, natural ingredient that combats free radical damage to individual skin cells. It improves the skin’s elasticity, lightens it and prevents photo damage. A potent antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal agent.

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Olive squalane

Sourced naturally from vegetable product, primarily from olive oil. Squalane boosts the skin’s ability to naturally regenerate, nourish, hydrate, oxygenate and protect itself. It not only moisturises the skin but also provides a barrier preventing trans-dermal water loss. Has antioxidant and immune-stimulating properties. A wonderful ingredient that slows down the aging process, reduce fine lines and wrinkles and soothes dry, irritated skin.

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Orange extract

Orange fruit extract is derived from the blood orange which contains high levels of powerful antioxidants known as anthocyanins. Orange fruit is suitable for all skin types and is refreshing and stimulating. Its astringent action is toning and firming to the skin.

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Orchid extract

Considered the plant of eternal youth, (hence the flowers lasting the way they do) orchids are regenerative and restorative to all skin types. They have protective qualities and help brighten and refresh the skin.

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P

Pear

These fruits are popular as natural skin remedies. Pears have numerous vitamins and high minerals and are full of Vitamin C as well as copper and Vitamin K which are beneficial skin nutrients.  Pear is very good moisturizer and helps in keeping the skin damage free and making it soft and smooth. Pears are equally good for oily as well as dry skin. Pears are basically natural humectants; they store water naturally thereby retaining the natural moisture in the skin. Pears help in toning the skin and thus preventing the formation of fine lines that turns into wrinkles later.

Pink grapefruit extract

Pink Grapefruit is cleansing and revitalising and energising. It has beneficial toning and astringent effects and is great for refreshing and reviving devitalised skin.

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Pistachio nut oil

Pistachio oil is an excellent emollient which provides a high level of nourishment to the skin and is valued for its excellent moisturising effect. It is rich in vitamin E and fatty acids which are highly beneficial for skin health and has the ability to be rapidly absorbed without a greasy feel.

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Pomegranate

Pomegranate has been popular lately for its anti-oxidant properties, and is proving to be a very beneficial fruit, especially for the skin. Pomegranates are rich in essential fatty acids and antioxidant compounds such as punic acid.  These compounds are extremely regenerative and protective and help to maintain skin health and improve elasticity and provide soothing, hydrating relief for even extra dry skin. 

Pro vitamin B5

Used on skin and hair to deeply moisturise, hydrate and guard against dryness. It leaves the skin and hair feeling smooth and soft. In hair care it is a superb moisturiser, prevents damage, has a thickening effect and helps improve sheen and lustre.

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R

Raspberry

Raspberries contains a high level of alpha linolenic acid, phytosterols and Vitamin A and E.  The high levels of phytosterols can help reduce trans-epidermal water loss thereby helping to keep skin moisturised.  Phytosterols also help to repair skin damaged by environmental factors including sun damage.  Raspberries are also high in anti-aging benefits due to content of ellegic acid.  Studies show that elegiac acid reduced the destruction of collagen and inflammatory response, both major causes of wrinkles and also protected against ultra violet damage.

Red clover extract

Red clover is traditionally used for conditions marked by redness and irritation of the skin and scalp. It has been used to promote hair growth and encourage strong hair and is soothing and calming to the scalp.

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Rosehip oil

Derived from the rosehip seed of a wild rose found in the valleys of Chile. This cold pressed oil helps promote cellular regeneration and revitalises the skin. It is an exceptional emollient oil containing good antioxidant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and astringent properties. It offers soothing properties to dry, irritated and damaged skin and is a superior moisturising agent with a high absorbency level.

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S

 

Sea buckthorn oil

The restorative action of sea buckthorn oil may be partially due to its high content of essential fatty acids, carotenes, tocopherols and phytosterols, all important for the maintenance of healthy skin. The oil possesses nourishing, revitalising, and restorative actions and is a beneficial ingredient in formulations intended for tissue regeneration.

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Shea butter

Derived from the kernel of the Karite nut tree, which grows wild in the savannahs of West Africa. Shea butter melts on contact with the skin and is well known for its soothing, moisturising and protective qualities. Beneficial for all skin especially cracked, dry and irritated conditions. Shea provide a luxurious feel, nourishes the skin, and help maintain the skins elasticity.

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Soybean oil

Long been grown for its protein, lecithin and oil content it makes and an effective moisturiser and is rich in fatty acids, vitamin A, E and K and also has antioxidant properties.

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Sugarcane extract

High in naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acids that increas cell turnover and regeneration, sugarcane is a natural exfoliant and helps to reveal fresh glowing skin.

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Sweet almond oil

Derived from the almond nut. An excellent lubricant and emollient which is high in oleic, linoleic and other fatty acids. Ideal in the treatment of dry, chapped skin, it protects and moisturises. Native sweet almond protein has similar properties with collagen and is an excellent anti-aging component that retains moisture, softens and smoothes the skin. Especially suited for sensitive skin.

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V, W

 

Vitamin C

Derived from citrus fruit this natural food grade preservative is used to maintain proper pH balance in products. It is also beneficial for sun damaged skin.

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Vitamin E

An antioxidant, stabiliser and emulsifier that is processed so that deterioration is minimised (pure, unprocessed vitamin E degrades quickly). Vitamin E is known as a dynamic weapon against premature aging and can help combat environmental pollutants.

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Wheat

Derived from wheat kernel, a rich source of vitamin E. Softens and smoothes the skin by lubricating it and improves the appearance of dull, dry skin by restoring suppleness and reducing peeling or flaking.

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Witch hazel

The leaves and bark of this tree are extracted for use in cosmetics and medicine. It is a multi-purpose ingredient and has numerous uses. Most often used in skin and body care for its soothing and calming effect, it also tones and moisturises, encouraging firmer smoother skin.

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